Financial management is the study of financial activities and tendencies. The field basically covers all aspects of monetary policy, including economic development, inflation, fiscal management, banking, insurance, public finance, and financial security. Financial management is an abstract field of study that has been around since ancient times. The first recorded use of the word ‘finance’ in the English language is in the twelfth century, from which it has received many different spellings and interpretations.
Today, most people understand financial concepts through textbook learning and professional education. The field basically involves financial decisions about the allocation of resources to various projects or areas of activity. The scope of management is constantly expanding due to changes in technology and globalization. This has also led to the growing inter-connectivity of markets and finance. It also covers other concepts, such as accounting, economics, taxation, and lending.
All the basic principles of economics are applied to the study of finance, such as supply and demand theory, entrepreneurship, institutional finance, economic growth, international trade, and financial institutions. The methods used in applying these theories to finance are sophisticated and complex. Besides these, a variety of theories and concepts are applied to the analysis of financial data, the conduct of transactions, and the allocation of capital.
The field of financial planning is extremely complicated, as it involves a number of different areas of expertise. One might be interested in financing as part of their education, while others may desire a career as a macro economics, finance, or business advisor. Some are interested in economics as a part of a long-term planning process. Another major type of person who studies economics in the field of long-term planning is the planner. Many different organizations rely on the processes of long-term planning, such as investment firms, insurance companies, governments, and even families. Other types of individuals who may require financial planning include retirees, who may need to protect against sudden life events, or college students, who are required to allocate funding for tuition, housing, books, and other expenses before they enter the workforce.
The study of economics plays a vital role in the management of finances. A number of institutions offer courses in finance, with the main focus being on the macroeconomics of the US and the international scene. Some of the more interesting courses include the course on international trade, with a strong focus on the role of finance in the global economy; micro and macro economic policies, with an emphasis on both macro and micro policy issues; international monetary and fiscal policy, which look closely at various aspects of the interaction between the central bank and the public; public finance including taxation, budgeting, debt, and social programs; and private finance, which are more focused on individual households’ financing needs. Some universities offer specialized programs in financial management, such as the Finance Option Program, which is designed for students who wish to specialize in finance.
The financial services sector encompasses many things beyond the traditional stock market. One can choose to invest in equities (a share in a company’s stock), mutual funds, bonds, commodities, options, specialty financial products, banks, or even insurance. Regardless of what you decide to invest in, you need to make sure that you have done your research, so that you can make sound decisions. You can start by checking with your current financial status to see where you currently stand financially. Then you can look into the different financial products available to see what best suits your investing style.